The History of the Kinzua Viaduct photo credit: Gleason Collection In the ‘s the abundant natural resources of north central Pennsylvania attracted many men seeking challenge and fortune. The region’s vast forests rapidly fell to the ax and two man crosscut as railroads carried millions of board feet of timber to waiting sawmills. Chemical plants and tanneries consumed countless railroad carloads of hemlock bark and cordwood. The state’s rich deposits of the fossil fuels oil, natural gas, and especially coal were important to the nations growing economy. Railroads carried the coal that fueled the fires of industry, heated homes, and powered the trains themselves. Rapid industrial growth around the Buffalo, New York, area produced a high demand for coal.
JEFF’S DATE NAIL PAGE
You can contact JJ by using this form. There are obvious technical and legal difficulties in obtaining this information and make no bones about it: The risks are high for all parties involved. Flathead County of Montana has just recently submitted a bid to buy a closed Wal-Mart in the area of Evergreen, Montana an unincorporated town adjacent to Kalispell. The primary reason listed by the county for the purchase:
In the early part of the twentieth century, there were several types of wall board materials that were quite different than the traditional interior wall finish – plaster.
Robert Livingston Stevens is credited with the invention of the rail spike,  the first recorded use of which was in English mainline railways of that period used heavy and expensive cast iron chairs to secure T-shaped rails; instead, Stevens added a supporting base to the T rail which could be fixed with a simple spike. A rail spike is roughly chisel-shaped and with a flat edged point; the spike is driven with the edge perpendicular to the grain, which gives greater resistance to loosening.
When attaching tie plates the attachment is made as strong as possible, whereas when attaching a rail to tie or tie plate the spike is not normally required to provide a strong vertical force, allowing the rail some freedom of movement. Though this manual work has been largely replaced by hydraulic tools  and machines, commonly called “spikers” A machine that removes spikes is called a “spike puller”. Chair screws are screwed into a hole bored in the sleeper. The fang bolt is a bolt inserted through a hole in the sleeper with a fanged nut that bites into the lower surface of the sleeper.
For fastening flat-bottomed rails, an upper-lipped washer can be used to grip the edge of the rail. They are more resistant to loosening by vibrations and movement of the rail. Oberbau Hf  Spring spikes or elastic rail spikes  are used with flat-bottomed rail, baseplates and wooden sleepers. The spring spike holds the rail down and prevents tipping and also secures the baseplate to the sleeper.
Machines that remove spikes are called spike pullers. When inserted into the chair, exposure to the wet atmosphere caused the key to expand, firmly holding the rail.
Rail fastening system
Click here for audio of Episode Today, we nail down dates. The University of Houston’s College of Engineering presents this series about the machines that make our civilization run, and the people whose ingenuity created them. A group of local hobbyists runs a large model rail system.
Penn recaps the week on Director’s Cut and how much he hates running and likes kissing. Penn gives his daughter an action figure of himself and has the boys wonder about action figures of their own fathers, including “Dave Donnelly, Public Defender”.
It sat right next to the railroad tracks, close enough that passing trains actually shake the building, and it was full of hidden vintage charm, including lots of exposed brick and original woodwork. The Carrolls decided to partner with their two daughters — year-old Mallory, who runs Signpast, and daughter Molly, who owns her own hair salon in Arkansas City. They started dreaming and designing in their minds, discussing their plans over family dinners.
In April, they opened, and people were amazed. Now, those Wichita people and people in Stillwater and Ponca City travel to us and come dine here. Besides the vintage decor, the restaurant has many other amenities and interesting touches. One of the centerpieces of the dining room is a massive freight elevator door, which the Carrols found buried inside the walls when they remodeled the building. They lovingly refinished it and hung it at the entrance to the kitchen.
Most in Shindigs are from the s and s. It now hangs on a wall just inside the entrance. Shindigs seats inside and another 75 on its two levels of outdoor space.
History of California
Collecting for Fun This 22 page booklet, written by Norman Christian Jensen in is a great introduction to our hobby. It does not pretend to give any information on nail sets or to decipher the meanings of the nails. The book does a very good job of explaining to people outside our hobby just what it is that we do. There are photos of nails in ties, of equipment used in pulling nails, and of date nail displays.
A rail fastening system is a means of fixing rails to railroad ties (North America) or sleepers (British Isles, Australasia, and Africa).The terms rail anchors, tie plates, chairs and track fasteners are used to refer to parts or all of a rail fastening system. Various types of fastening have been used over the years.
Briefly, a date nail is a nail with the date stamped in its head. For example, a nail with a “12” is from Date nails were driven into railroad ties, bridge timbers, utility poles, mine props and other wooden structures for record keeping purposes. Most date nails are steel, though many are copper, aluminum, malleable iron or brass. The nail heads can be round, square, diamond, pentagon as well as other more rare shapes.
There are over 2, different date nails used by North American railroads that show the year. Add to that the nails which, tell wood, treatment, and other information, and toss in all date nails used in poles and other timbers, and the total number of different nails from this continent easily exceeds 3, Date nails were in use in France by , possibly as early as Wherever treated ties come into use, date nails are not far behind.
Railroads need a way to monitor their investment in treating, and date nails became the most common method of this record keeping. When North American railroads began to use treated ties in large numbers at the end of the ‘s, it was not known which chemicals, treatment methods or woods were most economical.
Revealed: Government To Resurrect Old Walmart As Prison: “Railroad Terminus Sits Directly Adjacent”
From the Zanesville Express, Nov. The Prophet and Pilgrims: I have thought proper to forward you the following, which is about all of the information in my possession respecting them. On their first arriving in town a meeting was notified at the Court House, at this place, where an exportation was given by on of their party, Mr. Holmes, the only man of any considerable talents among them, who has been a Methodist preacher about twelve years in Vermont.
They say that the spirit of God has directed them to make a settlement in the town of Pike, on Derby Creek, whither they are bound.
Date nails were manufactured by steel companies on high speed machines, even in the early years. If a railroad wanted to use date nails, they would order the kind of nails they wanted (for instance, a 2 1/2″ x 3/16″ steel nail, round with raised numerals “34”).
Most were made with compressed wood fibers or pulp. Some were smooth-surfaced, some manufactured with a wood grain texture and some were striated to look like boards. The wall boards were simply nailed to studs and joists in unfinished work or nailed over previously finished surfaces. The joints were typically covered with thin wood batten strips and the assembly was then painted.
There were many types and several manufacturers, but the most well known product today is Beaver Board. Over a century after this product was first developed, most folks refer to all of these older fiber board products as Beaver Board. Beaver Board just had the best advertising. Lewis, a paper product maker, glued layers of mat board used for picture framing to make boards for lining his attic.
This took place in Beaver Falls, NY. In , he formed the Beaver Manufacturing Company. Some people claim Homasote, made from recycled paper waste, was the original fiber board wall product. It was originally manufactured for lining railroad carriages, then automobile tops. Fiberlic was made of fibers from tree roots. Celotex, a name now associated with modern insulation board, was originally a fiber board made from the waste of processed sugar cane.
History & Heirlooms
During the last few weeks I have received many letters from persons in different parts of the country, making inquiries in regard to the Northern Pacific railroad—what the prospects are in regard to its construction, what the present and what the prospective condition of the enterprise is. As it is a project in which the people of the Eastern States have ever felt a lively interest, it will be my aim in this connection to answer the above inquiries.
Stevens was the Governor of Washington Territory, and was put in charge of the survey. President Pierce has just been borne to his final resting place. Davis is still alive, bearing a burden which can never be laid aside, which he must carry through life.
Feb 26, · Re: Old Railroad Date Nails Post by fiat» February 23rd, , pm Hey Beamer, here’s a photo of an old oil can from the Nickle Plate road that was used to oil train car wheels.
He was eloquently drunk, lovingly and pugnaciously drunk. Blowing on a glass, polishing it and glancing at Elmer through its flashing rotundity, the bartender remarked that he wasn’t much of a hand at this here singing business. No bartender could have done other than smile on Elmer, so inspired and full of gallantry and hell-raising was he, and so dominating was his beefy grin.
Bes’ roommate in world. Wouldn’t live with him if wasn’t! Bes’ quarterback in Milwest.
JEFF’S DATE NAIL PAGE
Permacel Double Stick Tape This is really simple: Cut off as much double stick tape as you need to cover the surface, and affix it onto the area. Stick rocks, debris, and plastic parts on the tape. Cover the tape with the powder so it sticks down and is laid out evenly.
Adams, William Hampton (n.d.) Machine Cut Nails and Wire Nails: American Production and Use for Dating 19th Century Sites Unpublished manuscript. (n.d.) Source Analysis for American Importation of Nails, Unpublished manuscript. Adamson, Rolf ().
Visits since April 2, What is a date nail? Briefly, a date nail is a nail with the date stamped in its head. For example, a nail with a “41” is from Date nails were driven into railroad ties, bridge timbers, utility poles, mine props, and other wooden structures for record keeping purposes. I concentrate primarily on the nails used by railroads.
For a good site on date nails from poles, go to Scott Weed’s site: Most date nails are steel, though many are copper, aluminum, malleable iron, or brass. The nail heads can be round, square, diamond, pentagon, as well as other rarer shapes.
The Rusty Bunch
The three shelves are double mortised through the sizes with a real nice half circle cut, the wood is pine and poplar all square nail construction circa 11″ deep x 32″ wide x 50″ tall Sold! Triple ladder,with great turned finials The Chair still retains it’s original seat circa Sold! D76 19th century Child’s diminutive Stepback Cupboard with the original pumpkin paint,two plank doors with bread board ends, square head nail construction, cut out feet.
Great size for a table top cupboard or a hanging cupboard.
Review and pay your bill, sign-up to pay your bill automatically, and see the latest upgrade offers and deals. Sign-in to My Verizon today!
New York Dear Sir: We are in receipt of your esteemed letter of the 8th inst. We hope you will soon favor us with further orders as we are certain we can please you in every way. The writer desires to be remembered to you, having met you a few years ago in New York. Poor, New York, H. Courtesy Douglas van Veelen. R Rail found along the old grade. The “Cammell” is, of the course, Charles Cammell.
As noted above, by he now owned the Company. He had moved his headquarters back to Sheffield, hence the “Sheffield” in the brand. It was manufactured for the Pacific Improvement Co. The President of the Pacific Improvement Co. What the “P” stands for, we don’t know. Other rail was instead marked “S”.
Railroad Date Nail Show returns to Salina
I grew up in small town in Northern California that was overrun by 49ers during the California gold rush. We had tailing piles on our property which were rocks hauled up out of the creek by miners in the day. About a quarter mile from where we lived was the location of the first town hospital that burned to the ground in the early ‘s.
I used to walk down there when I was five or six years old and scrape through the the dust and dirt for square nails.
NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD IN BRAINERD. Dedication. This page is dedicated to the workers and families of the Northern Pacific Railroad who struggled, lived and died in order to build the railroad and the city of Brainerd, in particular, to my grandfather, Martin Henry Nelson (), who worked for the Northern Pacific for nearly fifty-five years, retiring in as the Superintendent of.
In , the Village of Drummondville became the first organized settlement in Niagara. As a result of this new mode of transportation, business along the Portage Road dwindled putting many out of work. In , a group of businessmen formed a company to build a railroad between Chippawa and Queenston. They applied for a charter. These charter members were: William Hamilton Merritt, a member of the Provincial Legislature opposed the application. Construction soon began on their railroad.
It would be the first railroad in Canada. Shares were sold to help finance this endeavour. The shares became known as the Queenston – Chippawa Railway. At a general meeting on September 7th , civil engineer, James Archibald of Luzerne, Pennsylvania was awarded the contract to build this railroad. The railway was completed within five years after construction had begun.